Two young child survivors on board the SS Mataroa display their tattooed arms. ——US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Israel Government Press Office

Hidden by the Holocaust as young children…

Hidden by the Holocaust as young children, they escaped the Nazis by disappearing into attics and basements. Now, these last survivors are coming forward to reclaim a childhood lost. “These individuals had to grow up …

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Israeli postage stamp honoring diplomatic rescuers (left to right) Giorgio Perlasca, Dr. Aristides de Sousa Mendes, Carl Lutz, Chiune Sugihara and Selahattin Ülkumen.

Altruism Can Be Learned

Learned altruistic behavior, seeing all people as equals, gave the rescuers the ability to transcend the propaganda against the Jews and to see them as human beings just like themselves. Eva Fogelman Most Germans during …

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Getty Images / Kevin Winter. Courtesy of Politico.

Marion Pritchard, Holocaust hero

Under conditions of terror, most people are passive bystanders. Some become persecutors, while few jeopardize their lives to save the victims. Marion Pritchard, who died in December 2016 at the age of 96, risked her …

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Children of the Warsaw Ghetto. Stanford University.

The Rescuer Self

Rescue of Jews under the Nazis was, in psychological parlance, a “rare behavior.” From a population of 700 million in Germany and the allied occupied countries, the thousands who risked their lives to save Jews …

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